Liver cleanse - Gallbladder cleanse - Liver flush
The Liver & Gallbladder Cleanse (the Liver & Gallbladder Flush)
Pictures of Liver Flush results
Liver and Gallbladder Anatomy
Cleansing the liver of gallstones dramatically improves digestion, which is the basis of your whole health. You can expect your allergies to disappear, too, more with each cleanse
you do! Incredibly, it also eliminates shoulder, upper arm, and upper back pain. You have more energy and an increased sense of well being.
|"Cleansing the liver of gallstones" |
In medical literature, stones formed inside intrahepatic bile ducts (bile ducts inside liver) are refrred
to as "intrahepatic stones", they are never referred to as gallstones. "Gallstones" and "Intrahepatic" stones might be identical by consistency, but it is the place where they are found that determines the name, not the
consistency itself, tho consistency might point to the origin of a stone. So, you can not cleanse the liver of gallstones, you can only cleanse the liver of "intrahepatic stones".
Cleaning the liver bile ducts is the most powerful procedure that you can do to improve
your body's health.
But it should not be done before the parasite program, and for best results should follow the kidney cleanse.
It is the job of the liver to make bile, 1 to 1 1/2 (one to one and half) quarts in a day! The liver is full of tubes (biliary tubing) (intrahepatic bile ducts)
that deliver the bile to one large tube (the common bile duct). The gallbladder is attached to the common bile duct and acts as a storage reservoir. Eating fat or protein triggers the gallbladder to squeeze itself empty after about twenty minutes, and the
stored bile finishes its trip down the common bile duct to the intestine.
For many persons, including children, the biliary tubing is choked with gallstones.
|"For many persons, including children, the biliary tubing is choked with gallstones" |
statement have been found not to be true for many people in the western world, and may be true for many people in Asia.
Intra-hepatic stones (IHS) have been described as early as the 16th century; however, the first detailed description of the disease
in English literature was not until 1906.
Intra-hepatic stones are more prevalent in eastern Asia, with the highest incidence being in Taiwan, followed by China, Hong Kong, Korea, Malaysia and Japan. There also seems to be a high incidence in Brazil.
On the other hand, the Western world and India have a low incidence of Intra-hepatic stones.
In the Western world, IHS is generally thought to be secondary to stones originating in the gall bladder or primarily resulting from benign strictures cysts
or malignant biliary tumours.
In the East, however, IHS is regarded as a separate entity altogether. The majority of IHS is associated with "recurrent pyogenic Cholangitis ” (RPC) (bacterial infection of the biliary tract) which affects both
genders equally and has a peak incidence in the third and fourth decades of life. It is more common among poor people and those in rural rather than urban areas.
The diet of the Orient, predominantly high in carbohydrate and low in fat and protein,
has been implicated as an etiological factor for RPC. As saturated fat causes the hormone cholecystokinin to be released which contracts the gallbladder, a diet low in saturated fats could conceivably lead to biliary stasis, predisposing to IHS. A low-protein
diet is also responsible for a decreased level of “glucaro-1.4-lactone”, leading to formation of calcium bilirubinate stones.
Recent studies from Korea report that presently about 40%-50% of IHS are of mixed variety, and some stones
being pure cholesterol stones have lent support to the dietary theory.
Some develop allergies or hives but some have no symptoms. When the gallbladder is scanned or X-rayed
nothing is seen. Typically, they are not in the gallbladder. Not only that, most are too small and not calcified, a prerequisite for visibility on X-ray. There are over half a dozen varieties
of gallstones, most of which have cholesterol crystals in them. They can be black, red, white, green or tan colored. The green ones get their color from being coated with bile. Notice in the picture how
many have imbedded unidentified objects. Are they fluke remains? Notice how many are shaped like corks with longitudinal grooves below the tops. We can visualize the blocked bile ducts from such shapes. Other stones are composites - made of many smaller ones
- showing that they regrouped in the bile ducts some time after the last cleanse. At the very center of each stone is found a clump of bacteria, according to scientists, suggesting that a dead bit of parasite might have started the stone forming.
| "At the very center of each stone is found a clump of bacteria" |
This statement has been found not to be true for most stones. Some gallstones and some Intra-hepatic stones might contain bacteria, but most stones don't.
stones grow and become more numerous the back pressure on the liver causes it to make less bile. It is also thought to slow the flow of lymphatic fluid. Imagine the situation if your garden hose had marbles in it. Much less water would flow, which in turn
would decrease the ability of the hose to squirt out the marbles. With gallstones, much less cholesterol leaves the body, and cholesterol levels may rise Gallstones, being porous, can pick up all the bacteria, cysts viruses and parasites that are passing through
the liver. In this way "nests" of infection are formed, forever supplying the body with fresh bacteria and parasite stages. No stomach infection such as ulcers or intestinal bloating can be cured permanently without removing these gallstones from the liver.
For best results, ozonate the olive oil in this recipe to kill any parasite stages or viruses that may be released during the cleanse.
- You can't clean a liver with living parasites in it. You won't get many stones, and you will feel quite sick. Zap daily the week before and
complete the parasite killing program before attempting a liver cleanse. If you are on the maintenance parasite program, you are always ready to do the cleanse.
- Completing the kidney cleanse before cleansing the liver is also highly recommended. You want your kidneys,
bladder and urinary tract in top working condition so they can efficiently remove any undesirable substances incidentally absorbed from the intestine as the bile is being excreted.
|Epsom salts ||4
|3 cups of water || |
3 cups water ( =750 ml = 7.5 dl ) (P.S .!! 1 cup = 250 ml = 2.5
dl = 0.25 l )
|Olive oil ||1/2 (half) cup (light olive oil is easier to get down), and for best results, ozonate it for 20 minutes. Add 2 drops HCl. |
|Fresh pink grapefruit ||1 large or 2 small, enough to squeeze 2/3 cup juice. Hot wash twice first and dry each time. |
||4 to 8, to be sure you can sleep. Don't skip this or you may have the worst night of your life! |
|Large plastic straw ||To help drink potion. |
Pint jar with lid
|Black Walnut Tincture, any strength ||10 to 20 drops, to kill parasites coming from the liver. |
= Magnesium Sulphate = EPSOMITE = Magnesium Sulfate Heptahydrate
Choose a day like Saturday for the cleanse, since you will be able to rest the next
day. Take no medicines, vitamins or pills that you can do without; they could prevent success. Stop the parasite program and kidney herbs, too, the day before. Eat a no-fat breakfast and lunch such as cooked cereal, fruit, fruit juice, bread and preserves
or honey (no butter or milk). This allows the bile to build up and develop pressure in the liver. Higher pressure pushes out more stones.
2:00 PM. Do not eat or drink after 2 o'clock. If
you break this rule you could feel quite ill later. Get your Epsom salts ready. Mix 4 tbs. in 3 cups water and pour this into a jar. This makes four servings, 3/4 (three fourths) cup each. Set the jar in the refrigerator to get ice cold (this is for convenience
and taste only).
You can substitute 3 cups water used in this recipe to dissolve Epsom salt with 3 cups freshly pressed grapefruit or orange or freshly pressed apple juice. That way you will not feel unpleasant taste of Magnesium
6:00 PM. Drink one serving 3/4 (three fourths cup) of the ice cold Epsom salts. If you did not prepare this ahead of time,
mix 1 tbs. in 3/4 (three fourth) cup water now. You may add 1/8 (one eight) tsp. vitamin C powder to improve the taste. You may also drink a few mouthfuls of water afterwards or rinse your mouth. Get the olive oil (ozonated, if possible) and grapefruit out
to warm up.
Alternative Schedule 1: Omit the first Epsom Slats dose at 6 p.m. Take only one dose, waiting till 8 p.m. Change nothing else. Many people still get stones with one less dose. If you do not, do the full course next
time. "The Cure For HIV and AIDS" By Hulda Clark pg.585
8:00 PM. Repeat by drinking another 3/4 (three fourths) cup of Epsom salts. You haven't eaten since two o'clock, but you won't feel
hungry. Get your bedtime chores done. The timing is critical for success.
9:45 PM. Pour 1/2 (half) cup (measured) olive oil into the pint jar. Add 2 drops HCl to sterilize. Wash grapefruit
twice in hot water and dry; squeeze by hand into the measuring cup. Remove pulp with fork. You should have at least 1/2 (half) cup, more (up to 3/4 (three fourths) cup) is best. You may use part lemonade. Add this to the olive oil. Also add Black Walnut Tincture.
Close the jar tightly with the lid and shake hard until watery (only fresh grapefruit juice does this).
Can you use some other freshly pressed fruit juice?
you are allergic to grapefruit or if you can not get it or if you don't want to use grapefruit, you can substituted grapefruit with any other sour fruit.
orange, pomello, lemon, pineaplle, lime, sour apples, sour grapes, sour berries etc.
or any other sour fruit juice, if grapefruit is not available.
is available, use grapefruit.
If using lemon juice, do not blend juice with oil. Drink little oil, little juice, from 2 differnt cups.
oild with lemon juice may produce gell like consistency, something that is not very easy to swallow. It never happens with grapefruit juice!
Can you use
some other oil?
You can substitute Olive Oil with any other cold pressed oil like:
sunflower oil, corn oil, rape seed oil, walnut oil, almond oil, haselnut
oil, cashew oil, grape seeds oil, sesame seeds oil, hemp oil, flax seeds oil, and any other natural plant oil.
Now visit the bathroom one or more time, even
if it makes you late for your ten o'clock drink. Don't be more than 15 minutes late. You will get fewer stones.
10:00 PM. Drink the potion you have mixed. Take 4 ornithine capsules with the first sips to make sure you will sleep through the night. Take 8 if you already suffer from insomnia. Drinking through a large plastic straw helps it go down easier. You may use oil and vinegar salad dressing,
or straight honey to chase it down between sips. Have these ready in a tablespoon on the kitchen counter. Take it all to your bedside if you want, but drink it standing up. Get it down within 5 minutes (fifteen minutes for very elderly or weak persons).
Lie down immediately. You might fail to get stones out if you don't. The sooner you lie down the more stones you will get out.
Be ready for
bed ahead of time. Don't clean up the kitchen. As soon as the drink is down walk to your bed and lie down flat on your back with your head up high on the pillow. Try to think about what is happening in the liver. Try to keep perfectly still for at least 20
minutes. You may feel a train of stones traveling along the bile ducts like marbles. There is no pain because the bile duct valves are open (thank you Epsom salts!). Go to sleep, you may fail to get stones out if you don't.
Next morning. Upon awakening take your third dose of Epsom salts. If you have indigestion or nausea wait until it is gone before drinking the Epsom salts. You may go back to bed. Don't take this potion before 6:00 am.
2 Hours Later. Take your fourth (the last) dose of Epsom salts. You may go back to bed again.
"The Cure For HIV and AIDS" By Hulda Clark pg.585
2: After taking the first dose of Epsom salts in the morning, wait two hours and take a second dose of the oil mixture (but only 1/2 cup) and go back to bed. After two more hours take another dose of Epsom salts. This schedule can increase the number
of stones you remove."
After 2 More Hours you may eat. Start with fruit juice. Half an hour later eat fruit. One hour later you may eat regular food but keep it light. By supper you should feel
How well did you do? Expect diarrhea in the morning. Use a flashlight to look for gallstones in the toilet with the bowel movement.
You can use colander if you would like to collect all stones
Look for the green kind since this is proof that they are genuine gallstones, not food residue. Only bile from the liver is pea green. The bowel
movement sinks but gallstones float because of the cholesterol inside. Count them all roughly, whether tan or green. You will need to total 2000 stones before the liver is clean enough to rid you of allergies or bursitis or upper back pains permanently.
The first cleanse may rid you of them for a few days, but as the stones from the rear travel forward, they give you the same symptoms again.
You may repeat cleanses at two week intervals. Never cleanse when you are [acutely] ill.
Sometimes the bile ducts are full of cholesterol crystals that did not form into round stones. They appear as a ³chaff²
floating on top of the toilet bowl water. It may be tan colored, harboring millions of tiny white crystals. Cleansing this chaff is just as important as purging stones.
How safe is the liver cleanse? It is very safe. My opinion is based on over 500 cases, including many persons in their seventies and eighties. None went to the hospital; none even reported pain. However it can make you feel quite ill for one or two days afterwards, although
in every one of these cases the maintenance parasite program had been neglected. This is why the instructions direct you to complete the parasite and kidney cleanse programs first.
You have taken out your gallstones without surgery! I like to think I have perfected this recipe,
but I certainly can not take credit for its origin. It was invented hundreds, if not thousands, of years ago, THANK YOU, HERBALISTS!
| "You have taken out your gallstones without surgery!" |
This statement have been
shown to be true for some people, and wrong for others.
Liver flush can help some people get their gallstones out. It works for people with smaller gallstones and with biliary sludge, regardless of the composition
Those who have larger gallstones, especially gallstones larger then 1 cm (smallest diameter of a stone), more often then not they will not succeed in getting the real gallstones out. Large "stones" that do appear after a liver cleanse
are usually created from bile, inside intestines, and have not existed in that size or shape inside gallbladder, or inside liver.
But, many people with larger gallstones experienced disappearance of their symptoms after doing liver cleanse.
So, while the liver cleanse may not get the larger stones out, it may help with symptoms (gallbladder attack) associated with large gallstones.
Read the next
This procedure contradicts many modern medical viewpoints. Gallstones are thought to be formed in the gallbladder, not the liver.
They are thought to be few, not thousands.
They are not linked to pains other than gallbladder attacks. It is easy to understand why this is thought: by
the time you have acute pain attacks, some stones are in the gallbladder, are big enough and sufficiently calcified to see on X-ray, and have caused inflammation there. When the gallbladder is removed the acute attacks are gone, but the bursitis and other
pains and digestive problems remain.
The truth is self-evident. People who have had their gallbladder surgically removed still get plenty of green, bile-coated stones, and anyone who cares to dissect their stones
can see that the concentric circles and crystals of cholesterol match textbook pictures of "gallstones" exactly.
From "The Cure for All Advanced Cancers", p. 562.
Where to order
herbs suggested by Hulda Clark? Herbal products are sold by RBC Herbal Inc.
An excerpt from a message posted on CureZone Liver Flush Forums:
Is there really
any solid evidence that Gallstones can exit gallbladder?
If there was any solid evidence that Gallstones can exit gallbladder, why would any doctor claim that gallstones CAN NOT exit gallbladder?
Some gallstones (smaller gallstones) can exit gallbladder.
Fiction: All gallstones can exit gallbladder. Anyone believing that every stone can exit gallbladder is ignorant/uninformed or irrational. Rare stones
can be even larger then 2inch ( 5cm ) in smallest diameter.
Fiction: Gallstones can not exit gallbladder.
Anyone believing that no stone can exit gallbladder is ignorant/uninformed or irrational. Stones can be smaller then 2 mm in diameter, and could easily travel through the bile ducts without any chance of causing obstruction.
of gallstones starts their "life" as a microscopic crystal of cholesterol. Very few gallstones ever get a chance to grow larger then 2mm. Most are expelled while small as sand.
cholesterol = chole + sterol
name originates from the Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid)
cholesterol = Greek for solid bile
How do we know that some gallstones can exit gallbladder?
is a well documented medical phenomenon.
Obstruction of the common bile duct is often caused by gallstones that were expelled from the gallbladder:
In patients with chronic Pancreatitis, common bile duct obstruction is reported in 3.2-45.6% of patients; however, only
5-10% of all patients with chronic Pancreatitis require operative decompression of the bile duct.
Passage of gallstones into the common bile duct occurs in approximately 10-15% of patients with Gallstones. The incidence is thus related to the presence of gallstones, which are very common (10-20% of population).
bile duct stone References
 Braunwald, Fauci, Kasper, Hauser, Longo, Jameson. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 15th Edition. McGraw-Hill. 2001.
 Cotran, Kumar, Collins 6th edition. Robbins Pathologic Basis of Disease. WB Saunders
 Fletcher, D. Gallstones, In: Tjandra, JJ, Clunie GJ, Thomas, RJS (eds); Textbook of Surgery, 2nd Ed, Blackwell Science, Asia. 2001.
 Haslet C, Chiliers ER, Boon NA, Colledge NR. Principles and Practice of Medicine. Churchill
 Hurst JW (Editor-in-chief). Medicine for the practicing physician. 4th edition Appleton and Lange 1996.
 Kumar P, Clark M. CLINICAL MEDICINE. WB Saunders 2002.
 Longmore M, Wilkinson I, Torok E. OXFORD HANDBOOK OF
CLINICAL MEDICINE. Oxford Universtiy Press. 2001
 McLatchie G and LEaper DJ (editors). Oxford Handbook of Clinical Surgery 2nd Edition. Oxford University Press 2002.
 MEDLINE Plus
 Raftery AT Churchill's pocketbook of Surgery. Churchill
Jaundice occurs in patients with gall stones
when a stone migrates from the gall bladder into the common bile duct...
Acute pancreatitis develops in 5% of all patients with gall stones and is more common in patients
with multiple small stones, a wide cystic duct, and a common channel between the common bile duct and pancreatic duct. Small stones passing down the common bile duct and through the papilla may temporarily obstruct the pancreatic duct or allow reflux of duodenal
fluid or bile into the pancreatic duct resulting in acute pancreatitis.
Let us do some math here.
20% of people may develop gallstones during their life
15% of people with gallstones may experience obstruction of the common bile duct
How many people may experience obstruction of the common bile duct?
3% of total population where 20% have gallstones.
What about USA?
Population of USA: 300 million.
How many people may experience obstruction of the common bile duct during
3% = 9 million people in USA will experience obstruction of the common bile duct with gallstone(s), gallstone(s) that most likely was formed inside gallbladder, and then was expelled, only to be stuck into the common bile duct.
Question: Do all gallstones expelled from gallbladder end-up blocking common bile duct?
Answer: No, only gallstones that have specific size and/or shape.
By it's size and shape, the stone must be small enough or slim enough to pass through the cystic duct and exit gallbladder, but it should be large enough to stuck at the sphincter of oddi, and to block the flow of liquid bile and pancreatic
juices into duodenum.
How many gallstones have that specific size and/or shape that would allow it to exit gallbladder, but would not allow it to pass through common bile duct or through the "sphincter of oddi"?
Nobody knows the answer to this question, of course.
But, we could estimate that less then 10% of all stones would qualify. That would be of course just an estimation.
could estimate that 90% of gallstones (or gallbladder sand and sludge ) that exits gallbladder would not stuck in the common bile duct, and will never be registered. It would become feces.
What does that mean?
It could mean that majority of people with gallstones may have expelled some of their stones (or sand) at one time or another, without ever knowing it happened. Stones pass from bile ducts into intestines ... no pain ... no obstruction
... no symptoms ... no awareness .... nobody knows it happened. But it could be happening every day. That is what nature (evolution) intended for gallstones.
Remember that each stone starts as a microscopic crystal. Who could count
the number of microscopic crystals that are existing gallbladder every day?
Why don't all stones pass?
Why don't gallbaldder get those crystals out before they become large enough?
could be many reasons, like: the lack of phisical activity, poor diet, stress, dehydration, being owerweight, not drinking enough water, infection, illness, .... hundreds of oissible reasons.
Population of USA: 300 million.
Number of people who will develop gallstones: 20% = 60 million.
If 90% of them expel some smaller gallstones
at one time or another during their life, then we have 54 million people who are going to pass or have already passed gallstones, and are not aware of it!!!
54 million of people in
USA may expel some smaller gallstones from their gallbladder. 9 million people in USA will experience obstruction of the common bile duct, obstruction caused by a gallstone small enough to exit cystic duct, but too large to exit sphinscter of oddi..
The sphincter of oddi is situated in the upper intestine, or duodenum, at the site where the common bile duct enters intestine. Normally, this sphincter functions as a one-way valve to allow bile and pancreatic secretions to enter the
bowel, while preventing the contents of the bowel from backing up into these ducts.
You can comment and debate this recipe on the Liver Flush Debate
Forum here on CureZone.
You can get a support on the liver flushing if you access Liver Flush Support Forum here on CureZone.
support on other alternative remedies for gallstones, please access Gallbladder Remedies Support Forum here on CureZone.
To get a support on Gallbladder Surgery,
please access Gallbladder Surgery Support Forum here on CureZone.
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Liver cleanse & Gallbladder cleanse (Liver flush) (an alternative to gallbladder surgery)
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Liver cleanse & Gallbladder cleanse (Liver flush) (an alternative to gallbladder surgery)
Liver Cleanse FAQ
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[Comment inserted by webmaster:
You can substitute 3 cups water (=750 dl) with 3 cups freshly
pressed grapefruit juice, or freshly pressed apple juice that is used in this recipe to dissolve Epsom salt. That way you will not feel unpleasant taste of Magnesium Sulphate ( = Magnesium Sulfate = Epsom salt = MgSO4 + 7H2O) ]
Magnesium Sulfate used for liver cleanse
Chemical name: Magnesium Sulfate (Heptahydrate) or (Hydrated)
Chemical Formula: MgSO4 + 7H2O, Hydrated Magnesium Sulfate
Mineral: EPSOMITE (MgSO4 + 7H2O)
Other minerals: KIESERITE (MgSO4 + H2O, Hydrated Magnesium Sulfate)
Hexahydrite (MgSO4 + 6H2O)
Magnesium sulfate reduces striated
muscle contractions and blocks peripheral neuromuscular transmission by reducing acetylcholine release at the myoneural junction. In emergency care, magnesium
sulfate is used to manage seizures associated with toxemia of pregnancy. Other uses include
uterine relaxation (to inhibit contractions of premature labor), as a bronchodilator after beta-agonist and anticholinergic agents have been used, replacement therapy for magnesium deficiency, as a cathartic to reduce the absorption of poisons from the Gl
tract, and in the initial therapy for convulsions. Magnesium sulfate is gaining popularity as an initial treatment in the management of various dysrhythmias, particularly torsades de pointes, and dysrhythmias secondary to a tricyclic antidepressant overdose
or digitalis toxicity. The drug is also considered as a class Ila agent (probably helpful) for refractory ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia after administration of lidocaine or bretylium doses.
Magnesium sulfate is effective for severe acute asthma treated in the emergency department
Intravenous magnesium sulfate reduces the rate of hospital admissions and improves pulmonary function in patients with severe acute asthma treated in the emergency department.
Sources of funding: Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians
and National Institutes of Health.
Magnesium sulfate is used to treat pre-eclampsia, eclampsia and preterm labor.
Pre-eclampsia (also known as toxemia and Pregnancy-Induced High Blood Pressure) consists of high blood pressure, protein in the urine and edema (swelling). It can rapidly become severe pre-eclampsia, with very high blood pressure,
visual disturbances, failing kidneys and elevated liver enzymes. In rare cases, pre-eclampsia develops into eclampsia, where potentially fatal convulsions occur. It also can become HELLP Syndrome (hemolysis (H), which is the breaking down
of red blood cells, elevated liver enzymes (EL), and low platelet count (LP)), which is potentially fatal to both the woman and her baby or babies.
What is Ornithine?
Also indexed as: L-ornithine-L-aspartate, Ornithine-aspartate, OA
What does it do?
Ornithine, an amino acid, is manufactured by the body when another amino acid, arginine, is metabolized
during the production of urea (a constituent of urine). Animal research has suggested that ornithine, along with arginine, may promote muscle-building activity in the body by increasing levels of anabolic (growth-promoting) hormones such as insulin and growth
hormone. However, most human research does not support these claims at reasonable intake levels.1 2 3 One study that did demonstrate increased growth hormone with oral ornithine used very high amounts (an average of 13 grams per day) and reported many gastrointestinal
side effects.4 One controlled study reported greater increases in lean body mass and strength after five weeks of intensive strength training in athletes taking 1 gram per day each of arginine and ornithine compared to a group doing the exercise but taking
placebo.5 These findings require independent confirmation.
In clinical studies on people hospitalized for surgery, generalized infections, cancer, trauma, or burns, supplementation with ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate has been reported to produce
several beneficial effects.6 A double-blind trial evaluated the effects of ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate supplementation in elderly people recovering from acute illnesses;7 those who took 10 grams of ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate per day for two months had
marked improvement in appetite, weight gain, and quality of life compared to those taking placebo. They also had shorter recovery periods and required fewer home visits by physicians and nurses and needed fewer medications.
Ornithine aspartate has
been shown to be beneficial in people with hepatic encephalopathy (brain abnormalities) due to liver cirrhosis. In a double-blind trial, people with cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy received either 18 grams per day of L-ornithine-L-aspartate or placebo
for two weeks.8 Those taking the ornithine had significant improvements in liver function and blood tests compared to those taking placebo.
Preliminary 9 and controlled 10 studies of people with severe burns showed that supplementation with
10–30 grams of ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate per day significantly improved wound healing and decreased the length of hospital stays.
Where is it found?
As with amino acids in general, ornithine is predominantly found in meat, fish,
dairy, and eggs. Western diets typically provide 5 grams per day. The body also produces ornithine.
Ornithine has been used in connection with the following condition (refer to the individual health concern for complete information):
Liver cirrhosis (hepatic encephalopathy)
Recovery from illness
Athletic performance (for body composition and strength)
Who is likely to be deficient?
Since ornithine is produced by the
body, a deficiency of this nonessential amino acid is unlikely, though depletion can occur during growth or pregnancy, and after severe trauma or malnutrition.11
How much is usually taken?
Most people would not benefit from ornithine
supplementation. In human research involving ornithine, 5–10 grams are typically used per day, sometimes combined with arginine.
Are there any side effects or interactions?
No side effects have been reported with the
use of ornithine, except for gastrointestinal distress with intakes over 10 grams per day.
The presence of arginine is needed to produce ornithine in the body, so higher levels of this amino acid should increase ornithine production.
the time of writing, there were no well-known drug interactions with ornithine.
1. Bucci LR, Hickson JF, Wolinsky I, et al. Ornithine supplementation and insulin release in bodybuilders.
Int J Sport Nutr 1992;2:287–91.
2. Fogelholm GM, Naveri HK, Kiilavuori KT, et al. Low-dose amino acid supplementation: no effects on serum human growth hormone and insulin in male weightlifters. Int J Sport Nutr 1993;3:290–7.
3. Lambert MI, Hefer JA, Millar RP, et al. Failure of commercial oral amino acid supplements to increase serum growth hormone concentrations in male body-builders. Int J Sport Nutr 1993;3:298–305.
4. Bucci L, Hickson
JF et al. Ornithine ingestion and growth hormone release in bodybuilders. Nutr Res 1990;10:239–45.
5. Elam RP, Hardin DH, Sutton RA, et al. Effects of arginine and ornithine on strength, lean body mass and urinary hydroxyproline
in adult males. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 1989;29:52–6.
6. Cynober L. place des nouveaux substrats azotés en nutrition artificielle périopératoire de l’adulte. Nutr Clin Métabole 1995;9:113 [in
7. Brocker P, Vellas B, Albarede JL, Poynard T. A two-centre, randomized, double-blind trial of ornithine oxoglutarate in 194 elderly, ambulatory, convalescent subjects. Age Ageing 1994;23:303–6.
Stauch S, Kircheis G, Adler G, et al. Oral L-ornithine-L-aspartate therapy of chronic hepatic encephalopathy: results of a placebo-controlled double-blind study. J Hepatol 1998;28:856–64.
9. Cynober L. Amino acid metabolism in
thermal burns. JPEN 1989;13:196.
10. De Bandt JP, Coudray-Lucas C, Lioret N, et al. A randomized controlled trial of the influence of the mode of enteral ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate administration in burn patients. J Nutr 1998;128:563–9.
11. Zieve L. Conditional deficiencies of ornithine or arginine. J Am Coll Nutr 1986;5:167–76. [review]